Trumpet and Cornet both belong to the brass family of instruments, and are related to each other. There are a lot of similarities in both the musical instruments, which make people believe that they are almost the same. Some of the similarities include the same valve system, same fingering patterns and same design.
However, you will find a number of dissimilarities in both the instruments, if you analyse them carefully. One of the major differences between them is the sound that they produce. If you play a cornet, the sound will be really mellow and soft. On the other hand, the sound which comes out of the trumpet is usually bright, sharp, and clear.
- The reason behind the difference in sound roots from the difference in structure of both the musical instruments. The body of the cornet is mostly coiled, and is considerably shorter than that of trumpet. Some people also think that cornets are shorter versions of trumpets.
Another difference in both the instruments is that you will find more curves in cornets; trumpets on the other hand are longer and slender in shape. The shape of the bore in both the instruments is also different from each other. Even though both the instruments have cylindrical and conical bores, there is difference in the percentage of both. You will find two-third bore conical and one-third cylindrical in cornet. In trumpets, the situation is opposite; it has two-thirds cylindrical and one-third conicаl bore.
When it comes to harmonics, the cornet bore produces even harmonics while trumpet’s bore produces odd harmonics.
Trumpet belongs to brass family of instruments, and was first developed during the renaissance period, a period from 14th to the 17th century.
Cornet belongs to brass family of instruments, and was first introduced during the 19th century.